According to data provided by the National Adoption Information Clearinghouse there are basically four different types of specialized agencies to carry out the adoption. They are as follows:
National public agencies. This type of agencies has waiting lists of children with "special needs", who have suffered abuse or different types of physical or psychological mistreatment. These agencies are regulated by each State and can receive benefits federal or State; the cost of red tape in these places usually does not exceed $2,500. And in some cases it may be free.
National private adoption agencies. In these agencies, the cost of the decision-making process can vary from the 4 thousand to 30 thousand dollars. In these places you can find lists of biological mothers who are in search of an adoptive family for their babies unborn and wishing to find families approved and ready for the decision-making process.
Independent national agencies. These agencies advertise through magazines and newspapers of national circulation. To engage the services of these institutions is highly recommended the assistance of a lawyer to carry out the necessary formalities. The overall cost is between the 8 thousand to 30 thousand dollars. These agencies the adoption is for children who live in the United States, regardless of their ethnic origin.
Private international agencies. They are the type of institution more common (but not exclusively), to carry out adoptions in other countries primarily in children in Central and South America, Asia, and Eastern Europe: Russia, Ukraine, or Kazakhstan, among other countries. They can also make adoptions of children in the United States. The cost of these agencies varies from 7 to 25 thousand dollars, in addition to the cost of travel to the country of origin of the child to perform any processing, if necessary.